Emergency Animal Health Treatment Intervention (BENALPA REPORT)

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Saturday February 27, 2010 - 21:50:34 in Reports by Super Admin
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    Emergency Animal Health Treatment Intervention (BENALPA REPORT)

    Emergency Animal Health Treatment Interventions for the poor Pastoral and Agro-pastoral communities in Middle Shabelle Region, Central Regions of Somalia

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Emergency Animal Health Treatment Interventions for the poor Pastoral and Agro-pastoral communities in Middle Shabelle Region, Central Regions of Somalia

Background and Introduction

 

Somalia has a great terrestrial wealth, such that valuable rangelands, wildlife, livestock and fertile land that may potentially suffice for a desired quality of life for Somali community. Livestock is the backbone of the country’s economy and estimates in 1989 of the resources were 20 Million of Goats, 14 Million Sheep, Seven Million Camels and Five Million Cattle. Animal husbandry is an important activity throughout the country, large percentage of livestock is produced in the marginal rangelands of the South, Central Regions.

Generally, more than 70% of Middle shabelle population is directly engaged to livestock sector for employment and livelihoods. Animals utilize mainly marginal rangelands in the north-east and east of the region. Nomadic pastoralist prevails in greater part of coastal area, while agro pastoralist distinguished in the reverine and inland areas 

Pastoral and Agro-pastoral communities in Middle shabelle region of Somalia are experiencing a hard life at least once a year, during the peak of the dry season. This period of the year they are fully occupied in search for water and pasture for their livestock and communities are at worst situations of food insecurity during the period.

Prolonged dry periods and droughts will eventually reduce the vegetation cover in the Rangelands and what is left in the fields are perhaps standing litter, with high contents of lignin, fiber and low in digestibility and low in nutritive value. In fact, during such situations the re-growth of perennials and the processes of photosynthesis are minimal, limiting energy flow to the eco-system.

 




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