Peste de Pete Ruminants (PPR) suspected in Somalia

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Tuesday January 26, 2010 - 03:49:27 in News & Events by Super Admin
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    Peste de Pete Ruminants (PPR) suspected in Somalia

    Peste de Pete Ruminants (PPR), has never officially been reported in Somalia. This is probably only because, it has not been investigated.

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Peste de Pete Ruminants (PPR), has never officially been reported in Somalia. This is probably only because, it has not been investigated.

The disease was not recognized in the country before 1997, when some areas in East African region, were experiencing epidemics of the plague.

It is believed that the first incidence of the disease has occurred in central Somalia where it was introduced by flocks, repatriating from temporary residence in Eastern Ethiopia.

Due to the exceptional circumstance in the country, it was not easy to carry out thorough investigation on the epidemic. However, a team of two vets was mobilized to the area to report on what was happening. Their main tool of investigation, was interviews with stock owners, who where helpful, that they have given a good clue, of the disease being pandemic and new in the area, as they have never experienced it before. The nomads confirmed that the disease started while they were inside Ethiopian territory.

On contact with officers in the Ethiopian ministry of agriculture, existence of PPR in eastern Ethiopia was ascertained. Eventually, positive, sera from convalescent animals in AGID test has finally, given the maximum confirmatory result that could be achieved in the current Somalia.

Although efficient control measures like vaccination, have not been taken to contain the epidemic focus, the spread rate of the disease, was not explosive as feared. Natural barriers of low-animal-density areas, and restriction in animal movements by tribal conflicts, together with guides of the vets to nomads, have helped in bringing the disease under a reasonable control.

By Dr. M. A. Sheikh Ali and Dr. A. A. Farah




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